The Krakow signal bugle call, or Hejnal Mariacki, dates back to the Middle Ages when it was announcing the opening and the closing of the city gates...The melody abrupt ending is said to commemorate a trumpeter from Krakow who was shot through his throat by a Tatar archer in 1241 when the Mongols besieged the city. Every full hour a golden trumpet shows above Krakow’s central Grand Square in the west window...of the Basilica of the Virgin Mary's. Then a characteristic signal trumpet melody...resounds all over the city’s Old Town...Next the same bugle call is played towards the east, the south and the north.